; The Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, adopted in 2007, entered into force on 14 April 2015. Under the Convention, for wrecks that are deemed to be a hazard by posing an impediment to navigation or expected to cause harm to the marine environment, liability is placed with the owners to locate, mark and remove wrecks.
According to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the Convention applies to wrecks located in a country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) or equivalent 200-nautical-mile zone. It makes State certification of insurance, or other forms of financial security for such liability, compulsory for ships of 300gt and above, and grants Parties a right to take direct action against insurers.
Parties to the treaty are: Antigua and Barbuda; Bulgaria; Congo; Cook Islands; Denmark; Germany; India; Iran; Liberia; Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Morocco; Nigeria; Palau; and the UK.
In addition, the Convention will come into force for Malta on 18 April 2015, and for Tuvalu on 17 May 2015.
Nairobi Wreck Removal Convention enters into force – IMO Press Release
The Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks enters into force on Tuesday (14 April 2015). The Convention places strict liability on owners for locating, marking and removing wrecks deemed to be a hazard and makes State certification of insurance, or other form of financial security for such liability, compulsory for ships of 300 gt and above. It also provides States Parties with a right of direct action against insurers.
he Convention provides a legal basis for States Parties to remove, or have removed, wrecks that pose a danger or impediment to navigation or that may be expected to result in major harmful consequences to the marine environment, or damage to the coastline or related interests of one or more States. The Convention also applies to a ship that is about, or may reasonably be expected, to sink or to strand, where effective measures to assist the ship or any property in danger are not already being taken.
Provisions in the Convention include:
- a duty on the ship’s master or operator to report to the “Affected State” a maritime casualty resulting in a wreck and a duty on the Affected State to warn mariners and the States concerned of the nature and location of the wreck, as well as a duty on the Affected State that all practicable steps are taken to locate the wreck;
- criteria for determining the hazard posed by wrecks, including depth of water above the wreck, proximity of shipping routes, traffic density and frequency, type of traffic and vulnerability of port facilities. Environmental criteria such as damage likely to result from the release into the marine environment of cargo or oil are also included;
- measures to facilitate the removal of wrecks, including rights and obligations to remove hazardous wrecks, which set out when the shipowner is responsible for removing the wreck and when the Affected State may intervene;
- liability of the owner for the costs of locating, marking and removing wrecks – the registered shipowner is required to maintain compulsory insurance or other financial security to cover liability under the convention;
- settlement of disputes.
The Convention was adopted by a five-day International Conference at the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON), Kenya, in 2007.
The States Parties to the treaty as at 14 April 2015 are: Antigua and Barbuda, Bulgaria, Congo, Cook Islands, Denmark, Germany, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Liberia, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Morocco, Nigeria, Palau, and the United Kingdom.
The Convention will come into force for Malta on 18 April 2015 and for Tuvalu on 17 May 2015.
IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
Web site: www.imo.org